*Post-traumatic stress disorder
What is trauma and its causes?
Sometimes in life we may face very frightening situations which we can find very overwhelming and distressful. It may be a situation where something is directly happening to you or an incident you witness. For example, being physically harmed by someone or seeing a road traffic accident. When the feelings after an event continue to impact our thoughts and sensations, we call it trauma.
Trauma involves re-living an event long after it happened, as though it is still happening and could have a significant impact on your day-to-day life.
Trauma can be caused by a number of incidents including:
Trauma varies from person to person therefore not everyone who experiences or witnesses these incidents are affected the same way.
How do I know if I am traumatised?
The feelings of distress may not occur right after the traumatic event. After the incident you may feel absolutely fine and it may take a while before you feel impacted by what you experienced or witnessed. It may take months or even years later before you develop any noticeable emotional and/or physical reactions. Some of the signs are:
How to look after yourself
After you’ve experienced a traumatic situation, you can build coping strategies:
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